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# sgn(+Number, -Result)

Unifies Result with the sign of Number which is either -1, 0 or 1.
*Number*
- A number.
*Result*
- Output: an integer.

## Description

This predicate is used by the ECLiPSe compiler to expand evaluable
arithmetic expressions. So the call to sgn(Number, Result) is
equivalent to
Result is sgn(Number)

which should be preferred for portability.
sgn/2 gives the integer -1 if Number is negative, 0 if it is zero and 1
if it is greater than zero. It is always true that

X =:= sgn(X) * abs(X)

Caution: this operation does not distinguish between +0.0 and -0.0.
See copysign/3 for an alternative.
In coroutining mode, if Number is uninstantiated, the call to sgn/2 is
delayed until this variable is instantiated.

### Modes and Determinism

### Exceptions

*(4) instantiation fault *
- Number is not instantiated (non-coroutining mode only).
*(24) number expected *
- Number is not of a numeric type.

## Examples

Result is sgn(42). % gives Result = 1
Result is sgn(-5). % gives Result = -1
Result is sgn(-6.2). % gives Result = -1
Result is sgn(0.0). % gives Result = 0
Result is sgn(-0.0). % gives Result = 0

## See Also

is / 2, abs / 2, copysign / 3