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library(flatzinc)

Interpreter for FlatZinc

Predicates

fzn_error(?, ?)
No description available
fzn_init(++SolverOrOptions, -FznState)
Initialize a FlatZinc solver
fzn_last(+FznState)
Increments solutions count, and succeeds if last one reached
fzn_load_stream(+ModelStream, -FznState)
Load a FlatZinc model and set up its constraints
fzn_obj_lookup(+FznState, -Obj)
Find ECLiPSe term representing the Mini/FlatZinc model's objective
fzn_output(+FznState)
Perform a FlatZinc model's output actions
fzn_run(+SolverOrOptions)
Run a FlatZinc model from standard input
fzn_run(+File, ++SolverOrOptions)
Run a FlatZinc model from a given file
fzn_run_stream(+Stream, ++SolverOrOptions)
Run a FlatZinc model from a given open input stream
fzn_search(+FznState)
Run the search part of a FlatZinc model
fzn_unsat(?)
No description available
fzn_var_lookup(+FznState, +Id, -Value)
Find ECLiPSe term corresponding to Mini/FlatZinc identifier
fzn_write(?, ?)
No description available
fzn_write(?, ?, ?, ?)
No description available
zn_options(?, ?)
No description available

Structures

struct zn_options(solver, fzn_tmp, output, parser, setup_prio, solutions, var_names)
Options for Mini/FlatZinc solving
struct zn_var(id, ann, type, group, eclvar, num)
Descriptor for a Mini/FlatZinc variable

Description

Overview

The core of this module is an interpreter for FlatZinc models, based on 'Specification of FlatZinc 1.0' (May 2009). It uses lib(flatzinc_parser) to read a FlatZinc model one item at a time, and immediately interprets it. The mapping from FlatZinc built-in operations to actual ECLiPSe solver operations is in separate modules called fzn_ic, fzn_fd, fzn_eplex, etc.

Running FlatZinc Models

If you have a file containing a FlatZinc model, it can be loaded and executed from ECLiPSE by calling

    ?- fzn_run("model.fzn", fzn_ic).
where model.fzn is the file name (the .fzn extension can be omitted) and fzn_ic is the name of the chosen solver mapping. It is also possible to read a model from the standard input using fzn_run/1, or from an arbitrary ECLiPSe input stream using fzn_run_stream/2.

If finer control is needed, the processing of a FlatZinc model can be split up into initialization, loading and constraint-set-up, search, and output. The primitives that perform these steps are exported and can be invoked separately, e.g.
my_fzn_run_stream(ModelStream, Options) :-

	% initialize the solver state
	fzn_init(Options, State),

	% load the model and set up the constraints
	fzn_load_stream(ModelStream, State),

	% perform the search
	fzn_search(State),

	% output solution, if found
	fzn_output(State).

Creating FlatZinc Models

Note that FlatZinc is not intended to be written by humans, but created by translating models written in Zinc or MiniZinc. A translator for MiniZinc to FlatZinc called mzn2fzn is available at http://www.g12.csse.unimelb.edu.au/minizinc

The use of an intermediate FlatZinc file can be avoided by piping the result of the MiniZinc to FlatZinc converter directly into the ECLiPSe-FlatZinc interpreter, e.g. via

% mzn2fzn --output-to-stdout model.mzn | eclipse -e "flatzinc:fzn_run(fzn_ic)"
The file lib/fzn_ic/globals.mzn contains specialised global constraint definitinions for the use of fzn_ic. For alternative ways to run MiniZinc models, see library(minizinc).

How to write a new solver mapping

The mapping from FlatZinc built-in operations to actual ECLiPSe solver operations is defined in separate modules called fzn_ic, fzn_eplex, etc. To add a new mapping, create a new module file called fzn_xxx.ecl, and place it in your library_path. These modules should export predicates corresponding to the "built-in" operations defined by FlatZinc, i.e. int_lin_le/3, float_times/3, etc. See the FlatZinc specification for a complete list.

In addition to those, we require the following interface predicates:

For initialising variables: bool_declare(-var), int_declare(-var), int_declare(-var, +list), int_declare(-var, +min, +max), float_declare(-var), float_declare(-var, +min, +max), set_declare(-var, +min, +max), set_declare(-var, +list)

For initialising arrays: bool_declare_array(-array), int_declare_array(-array), int_declare_array(-array, +list), int_declare_array(-array, +min, +max), float_declare_array(-array), float_declare_array(-array, +min, +max), set_declare_array(-array, +min, +max), set_declare_array(-array, +list)

For invoking search: satisfy(+annotations), minimize(+objective, +annotations, -cost), maximize(+objective, +annotations, -cost)

For converting constants in the Zinc model to the appropriate solver type in ECLiPSe (e.g. floats to breals when using lib(ic)): bool_fzn_to_solver(+atom, -bool), bool_solver_to_fzn(+bool, -atom), float_fzn_to_solver(+float, -real), float_solver_to_fzn(+real, -float), set_fzn_to_solver(+list, -set), set_solver_to_fzn(+set, -list), range_fzn_to_solver(+min, +max, -set).

TODO

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See Also

library(minizinc), library(flatzinc_parser), library(fzn_ic), library(fzn_fd), library(fzn_eplex)
Generated from flatzinc.eci on 2014-03-27 22:51