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local macro(++TermClass, ++TransPred, ++Options)

export macro(++TermClass, ++TransPred, ++Options)

Defines a macro transformation for the functor or type specified by TermClass.
Term in the form Atom, Atom/Integer or type(Type).
Term in the form Atom/Integer.
Possibly empty list of option flags.


This declaration is used to define a macro transformation on a class of terms. Macro transformations are performed when a term is read by one of the predicates read/1,2, read_term/2,3, readvar/3 or read_annotated/2,3 (unless the stream flag or global flag macro_expansion is switched off).

The TermClass specifies to which terms the transformation will be applied:

transform all terms with the specified functor
transform all terms of the specified type, where Type is one of compound, string, integer, rational, float, breal, goal, atom, meta.
The +TransPred argument specifies the predicate that will perform the transformation. TransPred can be of either arity 2 or 3, and be in the form:
	trans_function(OldTerm, NewTerm [, Module]) :- ... .
or it can be source annotation aware, and be of arity 4 or 5, as follows:
	trans_function(OldTerm, NewTerm, OldAnn, NewAnn [, Module]) :- ... .
At transformation time, the system will call TransPred in the module where local macro/3 was invoked. The term to transform is passed as the first argument, the second is a free variable which the transformation should bind to the transformed term. In the case of the source annotation aware version of TransPred, if the term was read in by read_annotated/2,3, the annotated version of the term to transformed is passed in the third argument, and the transformation should bind the fourth argument to the annotated transformed term; otherwise, if no source annotation information is available, the third argument is passed in as a free variable, and the transformation should not bind the fourth argument. In both TransPred cases, the optional last argument is the module where the term was being read in.

Options is a list which may be empty or contain one of the following type specification atoms:

term (default)
Transform the term in all contexts (this is the default, and the transformation is done in the parser, or explicitly via expand_macros/2)
Transform only if the term is a program clause, i.e. inside compile/1, assert/1 etc, or explicitly via expand_clause/2.
goal (deprecated)
Transform only if the term is a goal. This form is deprecated, please use inline/2 to transform goals.
and possibly some of the following options:
protect_arg (optional)
Disable transformation of subterms. If this option is used, the transformation predicate itself should take care of transforming those subterms that should be transformed (expand_macros/2). This option is only useful for term-macros because only those perform automatic subterm transformation.
top_only (deprecated)
Consider only the whole term, not subterms. This option is deprecated, use clause and goal options instead.
The visibility of macros is controlled by the module system. Transformations only take place when the macro declaration is visible in the module where the term is read in. The macro visibility is local or exported, depending on the declaration.

In rare cases it is necessary to suppress macro expansion explicitly. The functor no_macro_expansion/1 can be wrapped around specific instances of a term to prevent it from being transformed. Macro expansion will then remove this wrapper so that the end result is the untransformed term alone.

Term-transformations (but not clause/goal transformation) automatically transform all subterms of a term in a bottom-up fashion. This means that the transformation predicate will see a term with already transformed subterms.

The source annotation aware transformation predicate is provided to allow the user to detail how the subterms of the original term is mapped to the transformed term. Without this extra information, the whole of the transformed term is given the source information (source position, source file etc.) of the original source term. This extra information is useful when the subterms are goals, because without the extra information, source tracing of these goals during debugging will not be done.

Modes and Determinism


(4) instantiation fault
One or more arguments not instantiated.
(5) type error
TermClass not of form Atom, Atom/Integer or type(Type).
(5) type error
TransPred not of form Atom/Integer.
(5) type error
Options not a list or contains invalid flags.
(6) out of range
Arity of TransPred is not 2 or 3.
(6) out of range
Illegal flag in Options.
(161) macro transformation already defined in this module
Transformation already defined in the current module for TermClass


% The following example illustrates how a/1 may be
% transformed into b/2 using the reader:

   [eclipse]: [user].


    :- local macro(a/1,trans_a/2,[]).

   [eclipse]: read(X).

   X = b(fred, 10)

% Example showing use of protect_arg:

   [eclipse]: [user].

    trb(X, newfunctor(Arg)) :- arg(1, X, Arg).
    trd(d, newd).

    :- local macro(b/1, trb/2, []),
	     macro(b_protect/1, trb/2, [protect_arg]),
	     macro(d/0, trd/2, []).

   [eclipse]: read(X1),read(X2).

   X1 = newfunctor(newd)    % d is transformed
   X2 = newfunctor(d)       % d is not transformed

% Example showing use of type macros

    [eclipse 1]: [user].

     tr_int(0, 0).
     tr_int(N, s(S)) :- N > 0, N1 is N-1, tr_int(N1, S).

     :- local macro(type(integer), tr_int/2, []).

    [eclipse 2]: read(X).

    X = s(s(s(0)))

% Example showing use of annotation aware macro transformation

    [eclipse 1]: [user].
    trans_r(r(A,B), New, AnnR, AnnNew) :-
           New = rr(B,A),
           (nonvar(AnnR) ->
               AnnR = annotated_term{term:RAnn},
               RAnn = r(AnnA,AnnB),
               NewRAnn = rr(AnnB,AnnA),
               update_struct(annotated_term, [term:NewRAnn], AnnR, AnnNew)

    :- local macro(r/2, trans_r/4,[]).
    [eclipse 2]: read(user,R).  

    R = rr(b, a)
    [eclipse 3]: read_annotated(user,R,AR).      

    R = rr(b, a)
    AR = annotated_term(rr(annotated_term(b, atom, user, 15, 362, 363), annotated_term(a, atom, user, 15, 360, 361)), compound, user, 15, 358, 360)

% The previous example with non-annotation aware transformation:

    [eclipse 1]: [user].
    :- local macro(r/2, trans_r/  2,[]).

    [eclipse 2]: read_annotated(user,R,AR).

    R = rr(b, a)
    AR = annotated_term(rr(annotated_term(b, atom, user, 3, 61, 63), annotated_term(a, atom, user, 3, 61, 63)), compound, user, 3, 61, 63)
    % all subterms have the same position information

   local macro(X, trx/2, []).              (Error 4).
   local macro(a/1, tra/2, [c]).           (Error 6).

See Also

portray / 3, expand_macros / 2, expand_clause / 2, current_macro / 4, erase_macro / 2, phrase / 3, inline / 2, read_annotated / 3